College basketball is one of the most popular versions of basketball in the world. The league is known as NCAAB and it’s based in the USA. Just like the NBA, a lot of NCAAB games are broadcast-ed on national channels. Because of that, this league has more viewers and is more popular than the European Euroleague. The NCAAB is second only to the NBA. So, a lot of people wonder whether the rules are the same in college basketball, compared to the NBA. For starters, lets talk about how many fouls there are in college basketball.
Fouls in College Basketball
In College Basketball, each player is allowed 5 personal fouls before getting ejected from the game. This is different to the NBA where players are allowed one more foul before being sent to the locker room. Technical fouls are counted towards the personal foul limit as well. However, more about that below.
NCAA Foul Rules
As we mentioned above, 5 fouls is all it takes to get ejected in the NCAA. Technical fouls count towards those fouls as well. Only administrative technical fouls are not counted. An administrative technical is when a player does an illegal action that’s not connected to the field play. For instance, wearing a wrong jersey.
On the other hand, in the NBA, not only are players allowed 1 more foul but technical fouls are counted separately. Each player can get 2 technical fouls before getting ejected from the game. A technical foul is the penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct or violations by team members on the floor or seated on the bench. Different fouls are assessed for different rule infractions. We will talk more about this in the section below.
Different Types of Fouls
There are 3 different types of fouls when it comes to basketball. They are known as personal, technical, and flagrant fouls. All of them cause a different outcome.
A personal foul is the most common type of foul. It results from personal contact between two opposing players. Basketball features constant motion, and contact between opposing players is unavoidable, but significant contact that is the fault of illegal conduct by one opponent is a foul against that player. Most personal fouls are called against a defensive player. A personal foul that is committed by a player of the team in possession of the ball is called an offensive foul. When neither team is in clear possession of the ball, a foul is called a loose-ball foul.
A technical foul is a foul unrelated to physical contact during game play. The foul may be called on a player in the game, another player, a coach, or against the team in general. This class of foul applies to all of the following:
- Unsportsmanlike conduct outside the scope of the game, such as taunting, profanity, using offensive racial slurs, or conduct toward an official.
- A personal foul committed by a player who has fouled out of the game but is readmitted to the game because of the lack of substitutes.
- Breaking the backboard by performing an excessive slam dunk.
- Requesting a timeout when the team has already used their last allotted timeout.
- Illegal gamesmanship, such as delay of game.
- A variety of other situations, such as arranging the players in an illegal defense.
In the last two cases, the rules may call for the referee to give a warning rather than assess a technical foul on the first infraction.
A flagrant foul is violent player contact that the official believes is not a legitimate attempt to directly play the ball within the rules.
- The NBA and NCAA men’s competitions define a Flagrant-1 foul as unnecessary contact, and two such penalties leads to ejection of the player. A Flagrant-2 foul is contact that is both unnecessary and excessive, and requires ejection. In 2019, the NCAA added more words to describe this scenario, including brutal, harsh or cruel or dangerous or punishing.
- FIBA and NCAA women’s competitions penalize excessive or unjustified contact between opponents. Their terms for the respective levels of foul are an unsportsmanlike foul and a disqualifying foul.
How Many Fouls are There in College Basketball? – Who Sets the Rules?
All the rules in college basketball are set by the NCAA. That’s an abbreviation of National Collegiate Athletic Association. They take care of all college sports in the USA. This includes college football, college ice hockey, and others. It’s important to note that the NCAA has 3 different divisions. Each division holds a large number of universities. Division I has historically the best universities in the USA. At the moment, their number is over 350 universities.
Keep in mind that the these schools are creating the best NBA players. Almost all the players that are part of the NBA draft each year come from these universities. A small minority come to the draft directly after high-school. However, the best of the Euro League youngsters are there are well.
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